freedom of expression


More than an academic question

Ahead of the spring European Parliamentary session, 27 IFEX members urge EU officials to condemn recent amendments to Hungary’s National Higher Education Act that threaten…



Serbia: media ownership and politics

Methods for pressuring and controlling the media in Serbia have become more sophisticated than in the past, but they are no less harmful to freedom…


Bulgaria, “quasi-media” on the rise

Media on government payroll and distrust by citizens make Bulgaria a symbol of deteriorating freedom of expression in Europe 13/04/2017 –  Mediapool Sofia (Originally published by…


Serbia: propaganda and control on the web

The impact of cyber-attacks, digital surveillance and sophisticated techniques of computational propaganda is growing. The case of Serbia in an interview with Vladan Joler, director…


UNESCO Series on Internet Freedom

UNESCO has started in 2009 to commission a flagship series of publications of Internet Freedom, aiming to explore the changing legal and policy issues of Internet…





* - References to Kosovo are without prejudice to positions on status. They are in line with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/99 and the opinion by the International Court of Justice on the Kosovo declaration of independence.