The Slovak authorities are not doing enough to investigate the murder of my friend and colleague. If journalists have to do the police’s job to discover the truth, then we will.
By Pavla Holcova, CCIZ
It’s been exactly six months since the murder of Slovak journalist Jan Kuciak and his fiancee Martina Kusnirova. The last time I spoke to Jan was only a few hours before an assassin entered his home and put two bullets into his heart.
When I learned about his death on that Monday morning, a deep, infinite, paralyzing winter overcame me. I was chilled by the touch of absolute evil. I am still overwhelmed by that feeling. Half a year later, we do not know who killed Jan or who hired his murderer. And I am afraid we’ll never find out.
Murders of journalists are hard to investigate. According to statistics compiled by the Committee to Protect Journalists, 70 percent of journalists are murdered because of the story they are working on. Less than ten percent of those murders are ever solved. In comparison, most murders in the Czech Republic and Slovakia have around an 80 percent chance of being solved.
Six months is a critical time frame in which investigators must gather evidence, find and follow leads, and ultimately solve the crime. The Slovak police, however, appear to have done very little and still cannot answer the most basic of questions. Both the police and the prosecutor’s office say an investigation is ongoing and that their silence is necessary to protect it. But the evidence shows otherwise — the police have bungled this case from the very beginning.
According to the Slovak media, they have made significant errors. For example,
• When police arrived at the murder scene in the village of Velka Maca, they neglected to bring a medical examiner.
• That led to the first mistake — they got the date of the murder wrong, and listed it as occurring three days later. It took them three weeks to correct that fact. Meanwhile, investigators questioning people immediately after the murder were asking the wrong questions about the wrong times.
• Police failed to request CCTV footage from cameras in the vicinity of the crime scene. This is absolutely crucial evidence that might have shown Jan’s murderer. Officials only made the request for footage almost two weeks later, on March 4 — well after many cameras had already recorded over the evidence from that fateful night.
• Investigators waited until March 27, a whole month after the murder, to conduct a thorough examination of the area around the crime scene. By this point, crucial evidence such as footprints had been exposed to the Slovak winter for 30 days.
• According to the Kuciak family’s lawyer Daniel Lipsic, who has access to the investigation file, the police destroyed important evidence at the beginning of the investigation.
“They did not secure the evidence. Some of the evidence was only discovered in the photo documentation (of the crime scene),” Lipsic told Slovakia’s TV JOJ. “Before the crime scene examination, the bodies were tampered with. It is possible that traces of evidence were destroyed. But we will never know.”
Head of NAKA, Slovakia’s anti-corruption unit, Robert Krajmer, about whom Jan had written in previous stories, was among the first officials to arrive at the scene after Kuciak’s murder. Police President Tibor Gaspar tried vehemently to deny that Krajmer had been there, but had to give up when his colleague showed up on footage shot by local television. Krajmer has never given an adequate explanation as to his presence at the scene of the murder that day.
Moreover, journalists have been told that Slovak police have shared almost no information with foreign and international police bodies. They appear to want no help from anybody. This doesn’t inspire confidence they are trying to find out the killer.
Furthermore, half a year later, those state officials who have acted most suspiciously when it came to dealing with the case have even been promoted.
Robert Krajmer, an official who should not have been at the crime scene, now has a new job at Slovakia’s Ministry of the Interior. Tibor Gaspar, who was forced to resign from his post as head of police after public outcry, also has a new post at the Interior Ministry. He’s now advisor to Interior Minister, Denisa Sakova of SMER, one of the three parties in the country’s governing coalition.
As journalists, we sometimes end up doing the work of the police. In order to uncover corrupt schemes and money laundering, we have gradually learned our own forensic procedures. If we have to learn police procedures for investigating murders to have some idea of what happened that night to Jan, then we will.
There is nothing worse than not knowing. Especially for journalists.
The article was republished from the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) with permission. It was originally published on 21 August 2018.